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手足口病

手足口病是一种常见的儿童疾病,可能会影响成年人。它通常会在7到10天内自行清除。

检查一下'手足口病

手足口病的最初症状可能是:

  • 喉咙痛
  • 高于38C的高温
  • 不想吃

几天后 口腔溃疡 并会出现皮疹。

Mouth ulcer on a 您ng child's tongue.
溃疡出现在口腔和舌头上。这些会很痛苦,使进食或喝水变得困难。
信用:

大力神罗宾逊/阿拉米股票照片

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Small blister on 您ng child's finger.
形成水泡的红色斑点通常出现在手和脚上。
信用:

斯科特·卡玛津/阿拉米图片

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Grey blister on a 您ng child's toe.
中心的水泡呈灰色,可能会很痛苦。
信用:

斯科特·卡玛津/阿拉米图片

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成人和儿童的症状通常相同,但成人则更为严重。

It'可能不只一次导致手足口病。

If 您're not sure it'手足口病

看其他 儿童皮疹 .

信息:

手足口病与影响农场动物的口蹄疫无关。

How to treat hand, foot and mouth disease 您rself

您 cannot take antibiotics or medicines to cure hand, foot and mouth disease. It has to run its course. It usually gets better in 7 to 10 days.

帮助症状:

  • 喝液体防止脱水–避免使用酸性饮料,例如果汁
  • 吃汤之类的柔软食物–避免辛辣食物
  • 服用扑热息痛或布洛芬有助于缓解口腔或咽喉痛

药剂师可以帮助手足口病

向药剂师咨询有关治疗的建议,例如减轻口腔溃疡凝胶,喷剂和漱口水。

他们可以告诉您哪些适合儿童。

非紧急建议: 在以下情况下,请与医生联系:

  • 您r symptoms do not improve after 7 to 10 days
  • 您或您的孩子温度很高,或感到发烫和发抖
  • 您're worried about 您r child's symptoms
  • 您的孩子脱水-他们'不再像往常一样撒尿
  • 您'重新怀孕并患手足口病

手足口病是传染性的。

开始之前,请先咨询您的GP手术。他们可能会建议电话咨询。

信息:

冠状病毒更新:如何联系GP

It'如果需要,从GP获得帮助仍然很重要。要联系您的GP手术:

  • 访问他们的网站
  • 使用 NHS应用
  • 给他们打电话

了解在冠状病毒期间使用NHS的信息

如何制止手足口病传播

手足口病很容易传染给其他人。它'散布在咳嗽,打喷嚏和大便。

您'在您出现任何症状前几天重新感染,但是您'在症状开始后的头5天内最有可能将其给予他人。

为减少手足口病传播的风险:

  • 经常用温肥皂水洗手-并教孩子这样做
  • use tissues to trap germs when 您 cough or sneeze
  • 尽快回收用过的纸巾
  • 不要共用毛巾或家用物品,例如杯子或餐具
  • 洗干净被褥和衣服

不在学校或托儿所

让孩子不在学校或托儿所时're feeling unwell.

但是一旦他们'如果感觉好些,他们可以回学校或托儿所。那里'无需等到所有水泡都愈合后再使用。

让您的孩子离开更长时间不会阻止疾病传播。

怀孕手足口病

虽然在那里'通常对孕妇或婴儿没有风险,'最好避免与患有手足口病的任何人密切接触。

这是因为:

  • 在怀孕的前三个月中高温会导致流产,尽管这种情况很少见
  • 出生前不久手足口病可能意味着婴儿'带有温和的版本

如果您曾与手足口病患者接触,请咨询GP或助产士。

页面的最新评论:2018年1月10日
下次审核到期:2021年1月10日